Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Style 42 & Krafty Rue

Criminology Links
Home
Style 42's Jewelry, Primitive Crafts and Spa Goodies
A Bit About Me
Favorite English Teaching, Writing & Literature Links
Contact Me
My Resume
Handouts
Resources
Internet Resources

 

Campaigning Organisations

Criminology

Diversity

Criminal Justice System

Police

Practitioners

Prisons

Probation

Restorative Justice

Weblogs

 

 

Criminology

 

 

 

 

 

The American Society of Criminology is concerned with criminology, including the etiology, prevention, control and treatment of crime and delinquency. This includes the measurement and detection of crime, legislation and practice of criminal law, and law enforcement, judicial and correctional systems.

The Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology is devoted to promoting criminological study, research and practice in the region and bringing together persons engaged in all aspects of the field. Members include practitioners, academics, policy makers and students.

The Australian Institute of Criminology is the national focus for the study of crime and criminal justice in Australia and for the dissemination of criminal justice information. The Institute draws on information from a wide variety of sources to provide independent policy advice.

The Campbell Crime & Justice Coordinating Group is an international network of individuals rapidly disseminates systematic reviews of high-quality research conducted worldwide, on effective methods to reduce crime or improve justice. The group is hosted by the Australian Institute of Criminology.

Cecil Greek's Criminal Justice Links from Florida State University' School of Criminology and Criminal Justice - comprehensive listing with an American emphasis.

The Centre for Crime and Justice Studies encourage and facilitates debate and understanding of the complex nature of crime-related issues. They also publish Criminal Justice Matters.

The Centre for Criminology atthe University of Oxford is engaged in a range of empirical research of central importance to criminal and penal policy.

The Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence aims to investigate the roots of political violence, to develop a body of theory spanning its various disparate elements, and to study the impact of violence at societal, governmental, and international levels.

The Community Justice Portal provides a dynamic information and networking e-learning environment for all those engaged in the community justice sector. You need to register to access some its facilities, though registration is free. The Portal is operated by Sheffield Hallam University.

The Community Safety Research Unit is based at Northumbria University. The multi-disciplinary research Unit promotes research, development and learning in community safety and criminology. It aims to inform policy and debate, and to contribute to good practice in community safety and crime reduction.

Criminology & Public Policy is a peer-reviewed journal of criminal justice policy and practice, published by the American Society of Criminology. It carries empirically based, policy-focused articles.

CrimeNet features thousands of mostly Australian criminal records with a focus on fraud, paedophilia, sex-related crimes and violent crimes. New records are added daily.

CrimeTheory.com is a comprehensive criminological education resource with sections for Learning, Research & Teaching of Theoretical Criminology.

The Criminal Justice Policy Foundation in America is a private, non-profit educational organization that promotes solutions to criminal justice system problems. The foundation provides information about the issues in state and federal anti-crime proposals.

Criminological Theory: Comprehensive website includes comment on Early Schools of thought; Classical Theories; Sociological Theories; and Radical, Feminist, & Conflict Theories.

The Criminology Information Service is a Canadian research collection of criminological material, some of which is online. This website also provides access to Crimdoc, a criminal justice database, and Juristat, the main source of Canadian crime statistics.

The Criminology Mega-Site offers a reasonably comprehensive set of criminological resources including sections on Terminology, History, Motives, & Policy.

The Criminology Research Institute site is dedicated to those professions, including "police officers lawyers, penologists, forensic scientists, pathologists and members of the judiciary and the medical professions" who can bring a "cyber-unified means of discussing and debating crime to the world of law enforcement".

The Critical Criminology site of the American Society of Criminology Division on Critical Criminology and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Section on Critical Criminology provides information about critical scholarship related to crime and justice, and aims to link academics with critical criminology interests.

The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health & Development Research Unit conducts the long-running cohort study of 1,000 babies born in 1972-73. The study members are assessed at regular intervals and the age 32 assessments are now under way (2003-2005). Recent assessments have included studies in the psychosocial, behavioural medicine and biomedical research areas.

The Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime (ESYTC) is a major study of adolescent development and offending. The ESYTC is a longitudinal study of criminal offending and anti-social behaviour among young people. It follows a group of 4,300 young people who started secondary schools in 1998. It will follow them until they are aged 30. The site is updated regularly with the latest findings from the study.

The European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics is a result of the Council of Europe's decision to provide a compendium of crime and criminal justice data for its member states.

The BBC's Fighting Crime site offers information about the people and organisations dedicated to the fight against crime.

The 'Girls and Violence'website grew out of a research project at Glasgow University, Scotland. The project is a study of girls and their views about violence and violent behaviour, and.  explores girls' views and experiences of violence as observers, victims and/or perpetrators.

The Hallam Centre for Community Justice is a dynamic research driven centre that delivers services to a variety of clients throughout the community and criminal justice sector. It is based at Sheffield Hallam University.

The Institute of Criminal Justice Studies at the University of Portsmouth is the UK's largest provider of Higher Educational course programmes for the Police and other criminal justice agencies.

The Institute of Criminology (Cape Town) is a research unit linked to the Department of Criminal Justice, Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town. The Institute's aim is to initiate, co-ordinate and develop research and extension services in the broad field of criminology

The Institute of Criminology (Sydney) is part of the University of Sydney, Australia. Its primary functions are teaching, research, publications and public education on criminal justice issues.

The International Centre for Prison Studies in King's College, University of London, is independent of governmental and intergovernmental agencies. It aims to help develop appropriate policies on imprisonment.

Interpol's International Crime Statistics are now free of charge and published electronically. They are now updated on a country by country basis, and can be downloaded here.

The Internet Journal of Criminology is a free access online journal, publishing international criminology articles from many areas of expertise including the criminal justice system, crime reduction, delinquency and deviant social behaviour.

[jc2m] is an independent, peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary e-journal of international research concerned with representations of, and inter-relations between, crime and conflict in mass media and popular culture.

The Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science is the first in the world devoted specifically to reducing crime. It does this through teaching, research, public policy analysis and by the dissemination of evidence-based information on crime reduction.

Jock Young's website is not extensive but does include articles on Social Exclusion, Drugs, Models of Criminology and Policing Ethnic Minorities.

John Lea is Professor of Criminology at Middlesex University. His website contains a diverse selection of his writings and other interesting material and links.

The Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture focuses on research and opinion on the intersection of crime, criminal justice, and popular culture. It is published by the University of Albany's School of Criminal Justice.

The Kent Crime and Justice Centre is based at the University of Kent at Canterbury. The Centre supports research and teaching in criminology and criminal justice and work collaboratively with national and regional criminal justice agencies..

The Korean Institute of Criminology aims to scientifically analyse criminal issues to assist in developing and formulating criminal justice policies in Korea.

The University of Leicester's Criminology Dept has expertise in a number of criminological areas including policing, public disorder, crime & punishment, racism & ethnicity, and crime prevention.

The Mannheim Centre for the Study of Criminology and Criminal Justice is a multidisciplinary centre incorporating staff from across the London School of Economics. The Centre is one of the largest criminological groupings in Europe. It provides teaching, research, and conferences, seminars and public events.

Police 999 statistics: List of links relating to UK Crime Statistics compiled by the Police 999 website.

The Prison Service Journal (PSJ) is published by HM Prison Service. Its purpose is to promote discussion on issues related to the work of the Prison Service, the wider Criminal Justice System and associated fields. This site offers downloads of a wide selection of articles from PSJ.

The Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology was established by the Ministries of Justice in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. It aims to further criminological research within the member countries and advise the Scandinavian governments and the Council on issues related to criminology.

The University of Teesside was one of the first universities in the UK to introduce an undergraduate crimonology degree. It is prominent in both teaching and research in criminology.

The University of Tuebingen's Institute of Criminology

 has a superb, wide-ranging list of international criminal justice links on its website.

The University of Luton's Vauxhall Centre or the Study of Crime undertakes applied criminological research in the areas of youth crime, youth justice, policing and community safety.

The Western Criminology Review publishes theory, research, policy, and practice in criminology and criminal justice. It reflects local national, and international concerns.

The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems
is published by the US Department of Justice. The factbookprovides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries.

Campaigning Organisations

Amnesty International campaigns to promote awareness of, and oppose abuse of, human rights. They undertake a range of educational activities, promoting the values contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other international agreed human rights standards.

Crime Concern are a national crime reduction organisation and charity. They provide advice and help to a range of professional and voluntary agencies to support their work in reducing crime and the fear of crime in local communities. They run over 50 projects in England and Wales.

The Fawcett Society campaigns for equality between women and men. Their Commission on Women and the Criminal Justice System aimed to bring a gender perspective to criminal justice policy-making and to allow women a voice in the current debates. Some excellent downloads are available here.

Human Writes is a not-for-profit humanitarian organisation which befriends and supports people on Death Row in the USA. Human Writes is not a campaigning or political group as such, but aims to non-judgementally respond to as many prisoners as they can.

The Howard League for Penal Reform is the UK's oldest penal reform charity. Independent of government, it works for humane and rational reform of the penal system.

TheHoward League for Penal Reform in Scotland is an independent organisation (and charity) whose members seek improvements to the criminal justice system in Scotland. 

Innocent is an independent UK organisation which supports and campaigns for innocent people in prison. INNOCENT is made up of families, friends and supporters of wrongly convicted prisoners who have come together in order to help each other.

INQUEST campaigns against deaths in custody and for changes in the Coroner's Court system. It is the only organisation in England and Wales exclusively concerned with deaths in custody and inquests.

Justice is an independent legal human rights organisation set up to promote the rule of law and to assist the fair administration of justice. Its reports helped establish the Ombudsman system and promoted legislation on the rehabilitation of offenders and compensation for victims.

Liberty is a leading UK human rights and civil liberties organisation. They  campaign and research on a wide range of issues - from deaths in custody to privacy intrusion.

NACRO, a crime reduction charity, aims to make society safer by finding practical solutions to reducing crime. They achieve this by assisting ex-offenders, disadvantaged people and deprived communities.

The Prison Reform Trust aims to create a just, humane and effective penal system, by inquiring into the workings of the system; informing prisoners, staff, and the public; and influencing  Government towards reform.

The Reform Remand campaign is calling for an improvement in the treatment of, and conditions for, people held in prison awaiting trial and a reduction in the needless use of custodial remand. It is organised by the Prison Reform Trust.

The Restorative Justice Consortium promotes the use of restorative justice in schools, the community, prisons, the criminal justice system, and any situation of conflict. It includes  organisations representing victims, offenders, young people and mediators.

Runnymede is a leading independent think tank on ethnicity and cultural diversity. They aim to challenge racial discrimination, to influence legislation and to promote a successful multi-ethnic Britain. Runnymede is  voluntary funded.

Searchlight aims to combat racism, neo-nazism, fascism and all forms of prejudice. It is a non-sectarian organisation in political, ethnic and religious terms.

Smart Justice is a crime reduction campaign, aiming to widen public debate on crime and punishment and increase confidence in community-based solutions to crime. Their website explains how alternatives to custody are cutting crime at a fraction of the cost of prison with case histories, successful projects, an overview of community punishments, and other resources.

Stop Prisoner Rape (SPR) is a US human rights organization seeking to end sexual violence against men, women, and youth in all forms of detention. SPR supports policies to ensure institutional accountability. It aims to change society’s attitudes toward prisoner rape, and to promote access to resources for survivors. The website highlights that although rape in prison violates international, federal, and state laws, many institutions appear indifferent.

The Violence Against Women Online Resources site provides a wealth of information on interventions to stop violence against women. The site is a cooperative project of the Office on Violence Against Women and Minnesota Center Against Violence & Abuse.

Women in Prison provides welfare and education to women in prison. It believes that prison should be reserved for a small number of violent and serious offenders from whom the public should be protected.

Women's Aid Federation of England is a national charity working to end domestic violence against women and children. Their  mission is to advocate for abused women and children and to ensure their safety by working locally and nationally.

Campaigning Organisations: International

The Campaign for Criminal Justice Reform (CCJR) is a movement focused on addressing flaws in the American justice system. CCJR identifies solutions to one of the most pressing problems in the American criminal justice system: the rising incidence of people being wrongfully sentenced to death.

The International Commission of Jurists is dedicated to the primacy, coherence and implementation of international law and principles that advance human rights.

The Alberta- based John Howard Society is concerned with the problem of crime and its prevention, and sees crime control as much the responsibility of the community as it is of government.The Society has produced many  research and position papers on criminal justice topics; over 50 are available online.

LEAP (Law Enforcement Against Prohibition) comprises current and former members of the law enforcement and criminal justice communities. They argue that by continuing to fight the "War on Drugs", the US government has worsened the problem instead of alleviating it. A system of government regulation and control of these substances, replacing the current system of control by the black market, would be a less harmful, less costly, more ethical and more effective public policy.

The National Conference for Community and Justice (NCCJ) is a
n American human relations organisation which fights bias, bigotry and racism. NCCJ promotes understanding and respect among all races, religions and cultures through advocacy, conflict resolution and education.

Statewatch monitors the state and civil liberties in the European Union. Statewatch is a voluntary group comprised of lawyers, academics, journalists, researchers and community activists, with a European network of contributors drawn from 13 countries.

Diversity: UK

Black Britain delivers news and information services to the Black and ethnic minority communities, and addresses the shortcomings of mainstream media which continued to cover Black and ethnic minority news interest negatively and/or inadequately.

The Black Information Link (BLINK) is  interactive community web site which contains an introduction to the vision, mission, goals and objective of The 1990 Trust. The site has many useful downloads.

Black Women's Rape Action Project offers counselling, support and advice to Black women and other women of colour, immigrant and refugee women, who have suffered rape, sexual assault or other violence.

The Blofeld Inquiry into the death of psychiatric patient David "Rocky" Bennett (published 2004) highlighted what it calls the “festering abscess” of institutional racism in mental health services. It brings to mind the earlier Macpherson Report on the racist murder of Stephen Lawrence, which highlighted institutional racism in the Metropolitan police.

The Commission for Racial Equality was a publicly funded, non-governmental body set up under the Race Relations Act 1976 to tackle racial discrimination and promote equality.On 1 October 2007 it was one of three equality commissions merged into the new Equality and Human Rights Commission.

Criminology in the New Millenium is the site of Ruth Chigwada-Bailey, a criminologist who has organised conferences addressing issues around race, gender and criminal justice since 1991.

The Disability Rights Commission was an independent body established in 2000 by Act of Parliament to stop discrimination and promote equality of opportunity for disabled people. On 1 October 2007 it was one of three equality commissions merged into the new Equality and Human Rights Commission.

The Equal Opportunities Commission was the leading agency working to eliminate sex discrimination in the UK. On 1 October 2007 it was one of three equality commissions merged into the new Equality and Human Rights Commission.

The Equality and Human Rights Commission champions equality and human rights for all, working to eliminate discrimination, reduce inequality, protect human rights and to build good relations, ensuring that everyone has a fair chance to participate in society.

The Fawcett Society campaigns for equality between women and men. Their Commission on Women and the Criminal Justice System was established to bring a gender perspective to policy-making around criminal justice issues and to allow women a voice in the current debates. Some excellent downloads are available here

The Gay Police Association has members in all 52 UK police forces, and  supports 16,000 police staff. This represents the largest minority community employed by the police. The GPA also work to educate the police service and government on issues connected with sexual orientation and policing.

The Institute of Race Relations analyses institutionalised racism in Britain and Europe. This includes scrutiny of policing and the criminal justice system.

The IQRA Trust Prisoners Welfare works to promote a better understanding of Muslim inmates' needs in UK prisons. The Trust also provides Islamic books and educational materials for Muslim prisoners and deals with inquires from Probation Officers nationwide.

Justice For Women is a feminist organisation that campaigns and supports women who have fought back against or killed violent male partners. It campaigns for changes in the defences to murder so that they reflect women's experiences of domestic violence.

The LAGIP website is about providing a network for advice, support, and collegiality among gay and lesbian bisexual and transgendered probation service and family courts employees in England and Wales.

Macpherson Inquiry: This website provides the full Report of Sir William Macpherson's Inquiry into the death of Stephen Lawrence. It concludes the police investigation was marred by "professional incompetence, institutional racism and a failure of leadership".

The Metropolitan Police Diversity Strategy is interesting to explore in light of the issues raised in the Macpherson Inquiry into the death of Stephen Lawrence.

The Morris Inquiry is an independent Inquiry into professional standards and employment matters in London’s Metropolitan Police Service (MPS). The Inquiry conducted a survey of all 43,000 MPS officers and staff. The full survey report can be downloaded from the website.

The National Body of Black Prisoner Support Groups was established from groups of criminal justice practitioners working directly with Black and Minority Ethnic Offenders. They aim to develop a nationwide support network for Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Offenders, and act as a voice for BME Offender Organisations.

The National Civil Rights Movement (NCRM) aims to provide support for the victims of racial injustice, to promote family-based campaigns and to challenge the criminal justice system. As a nationwide network dedicated to the struggle for racial justice and human rights, they are committed to challenging the discriminatory criminal justice system and institutional racism in all forms. The NCRM is independent of Government and government agencies.

The Race For Justice Project is an inter-agency team focused on making the services of all criminal justice agencies in Hampshire and Isle of Wight more accessible and relevant.

Racial Equality Councils (RECs) work in local areas, among local communties, to promote racial equality and tackle racial discrimination. There are currently 100+  RECs  listed on this website.

RaceActionNet offers authoritative, extensive and up-to-date material on  racial harassment and racist attacks for practitioners and policy makers. This password protected site requires a membership fee; well worth persuading your agency or organisation to subscribe.

The Runnymede Trust is a leading independent, voluntary funded think tank on ethnicity and cultural diversity. They aim to challenge racial discrimination, influence legislation and promote a successful multi-ethnic Britain.

The Race Equality Scheme for the Scottish Executive, One Scotland - Many Cultures Working Together for Race Equality is available in full here.

The EOC website for legal advisers on sex discrimination and equal pay provides a resource for legal advisers and others conducting claims on behalf of applicants in sex discrimination and equal pay cases in England and Wales. It covers employment-related sex discrimination only.

The Social Exclusion Unit aims to reduce social exclusion by producing 'joined-up solutions to joined-up problems'.

The Zahid Mubarek Inquiry was set up by the Home Secretary on 29 April 2004, as a non-statutory public inquiry into the murder of Zahid Mubarek at Feltham Young Offender Institution on 21 March 2000. Comprehensive documentary evidence and witness statements are posted on this website.

218 is a new Scottish project offering women offenders in Glasgow programmes of care. Their site is for people who are in contact with women offenders; through the justice system

Diversity: International

The Antiracist Center in Norway seeks to promote human rights and equal opportunities, and provides individual assistance to those who have become social, political and economic victims of racism and racial discrimination. This site has a substantial news section in English.

The Australasian Police Multicultural Advisory Bureau aim to promote “harmonious police/multicultural community relations in Australasia” and to “provide professional responses to the challenges of Australia's cultural and linguistic diversity”. There are some useful resources on this site.

CEML is an anti-racist group which fights against the brutality of ‘control unit’ prisons. Prisoners in these prisons are caged for arbitrary lengths of time, sometimes years, in total isolation in conditions that violate the United Nations' Standard Minimum Rules for the treatment of prisoners.

The Council on Crime and Justice is an independent, non-profit organization integrating research, demonstration projects and advocacy "to bring just solutions to the causes and consequences of crime". The Council has been involved in such areas as offender services, alternative sanctions, victim's rights, and restorative justice.

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance aims to combat racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance at the level of greater Europe and from the perspective of the protection of human rights.

The European Network Against Racism (ENAR) is a network of non-governmental organisations working to combat racism in EU member states. It acts against the discrimination and exclusion of people of different racial, ethnic and cultural backgrounds. The site offers the latest news around the EU on anti-racism and discrimination legislation.

The MIRIS (Minority Rights Information System) site promotes the development of minority rights standards by providing information for experts, public officials, minority representatives but also interested researchers and students. The site is bilingual with texts provided in both English and the official language of the state concerned.

The Racial Disparity Initiative is the Council on Crime and Justice's micro website on racial disparities in the justice system. It serves as a "one-stop" resource regarding racial disparity research addressing its causes and consequences, particularly in Minnesota.

SOS-Racisme is a anti-racist organisation in France which monitors racial attacks and racially sensitive legislation.

United for Intercultural Action is a network of over  560 organisations from 49 European countries working together against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees.

Criminal Justice System: UK

The Audit Commission support improvement in the delivery of police and probation services, analysing criminal justice services from a user's perspective and working with other regulators to minimise the burden and maximise the benefits of external regulation.

CJS Online is part of the modernising government agenda to maintain a consolidated criminal justice system presence on the Internet.

The Commission for Judicial Appointments is an independent body set up in 2001 to review the judicial and Queen's Counsel appointment procedures and investigate any complaints about them. This website provides information about the Commission and its work, and allows the annual reprots to be downloaded.

The crimeinfo site is compiled by the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies at King’s College London. It offers basic but informative material on crime, what causes it and how we deal with it.

The Home Office Crime Prevention page has information on home security, personal safety, retail and business crime, vehicle crime, local partnership, and general advice.

The Crime Reduction Website is aimed at assisting community safety and crime prevention practitioners to reduce crime and disorder. The Toolkits integrated into this website provide a comprehensive approach to crime reduction via partnership working.

The Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC) is an independent body responsible for investigating suspected miscarriages of criminal justice in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The CCRC reviews the convictions of those who believe they have been wrongly found guilty of a criminal offence, or wrongly sentenced.

The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service is Scotland's independent public prosecution and deaths investigation service. It is headed by the Lord Advocate.

The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) is the Government Department responsible for prosecuting people in England and Wales who have been charged by the police with a criminal offence. Created by the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, the CPS is an independent body that works closely with the police.

The Department for Constitutional Affairs supports effective and accessible justice, ensures the rights and responsibilities of the citizen, and aims to modernise the law and constitution. Lord Falconer is the current Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs (and Lord Chancellor).

The Home Office Firearms page has information on the use of firearms, from security to police guidance.

The Government Crime Reduction Strategy sets out the official approach to crime reduction.

Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO): HMSO aims to publish all new Acts of the UK Parliament on the Internet simultaneously with or, at least within 24 hours of, their publication in printed form.

The Home Office is the government department responsible for internal affairs in England and Wales. Charles Clarke is the current Home Secretary.

Information on the Criminal Justice System, Digest Four offers a comprehensive picture of crime and justice in England and Wales. It summarises information from a range of government and statistical sources. Users can access data for earlier years unavailable in hard copy.

The Judicial Studies Board for England and Wales provides training and instruction for full and part-time judges in the skills necessary to be a judge. It also has an advisory role in training lay magistrates.

The Justice Research Consortium is a partnership of criminal justice and research institutions dedicated to testing the effectiveness of restorative justice in the UK.  The JRC’s research institutions are the University of Pennsylvania and the Australian National University.

Juror Online is a government-sponsored site that takes the viewer through what happens on jury service.

The Magistrates' Association represents over 80% of serving volunteer magistrates. It promotes uniformity of practice, most notably by publishing the Magistrates’ Court Sentencing Guidelines.

MI5, the Security Service, is the United Kingdom's security intelligence agency. Their official purpose is “to protect national security and economic well-being, and to support the law enforcement agencies in preventing and detecting serious crime”. The What’s New section of the MI5 website has regularly updated information.

The Ministry of Justice was created in May 2007 to deliver on the government's objectives of "protecting the public, reducing re-offending and sense in sentencing".The Ministry is responsible for the courts, prisons, probation, criminal law and sentencing.

The Home Office Organised & International Crime page has information on extradition, encryption and the Proceeds of Crime Act).

The Home Office Police  page has information on all aspects of policing, including complaints, equality and diversity, and race relations between the police and the community.

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey London 1674 to 1834 offers a searchable online edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published. It currently lists some 53,000 trials, from April 1674 to December 1799. Mainly aimed at school students, but well worth a browse.

The Home Office Rehabilitation of Offenders page has some useful links and downloads, including the review of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act.

The Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS) is an integral part of the Home Office. RDS specialist staff include statisticians, researchers, economists, and scientists. There is a wealth of useful data, information and research freely available on this site.

Lord Justice Auld's Review of the Criminal Courts of England and Wales, originally published in 2001, can be downloaded in its entirety here.

The Scottish Children’s Hearings website provides information on the unique system of care and justice for Scotland’s children and young people. The site has some useful downloads.

The Scottish Court Service website provides information relating to all civil and criminal courts in Scotland, including the Court of Session, the High Court of Justiciary, the Sheriff Courts and other courts, commissions and tribunals as well the District Courts.

The Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission was established in 1999 to consider cases where it is alleged that a miscarriage of justice has occurred and to refer appropriate cases to the High Court for determination.

The Scottish Executive’s Justice pages have excellent links to, the courts, criminal justice, police and prisons civil law and civil justice.

The Sentencing Advisory Panel is an independent public body charged with encouraging consistency in sentencing in courts in England and Wales. The Court of Appeal must attend to the Panel's advice before issuing new sentencing guidelines.

The Home Office's Terrorism website  provides information for the public. The Home Office holds primary responsibility for counter-terrorism within the UK.

The Youth Justice Board for England and Wales is a non-departmental public body which aims to prevent offending by children and young people. The website is a key source for theYouth Justice System.

Criminal Justice System: International

The Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation is a multi-disciplinary South African non-governmental organisation. It contributes to peaceful and fundamental transformation in South Africa, and in the Southern African region.

The Coalition for the International Criminal Court is a network of over 2,000 non-governmental organizations advocating for a fair, effective and independent International Criminal Court.

Courts.Net provides access to web sites maintained by courts throughout the USA and elsewhere. The listings are organized in sections, covering courts in all states and the Federal system, as well as D.C., territories, Canada and Australia.

Cross-National Studies in Crime and Justice from the US Bureau of Justice Statistics reportson a study on crime and punishment from 1981 to 1999 in Australia, Canada, England, the Netherlands, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, and the USA. Ccrimes compared include murder, rape, robbery, serious assault, burglary, and motor vehicle theft.

The Department of Justice, Canada works to ensure the justice system that is fair, accessible and efficient. It helps the federal government to develop policy and to make and reform laws.

The European Court of Justice is responsible for the uniform interpretation of Community law. In particular, it answers questions referred to it by national courts whose role is fundamental as they are the first bodies to apply Community law.

The Federal Sentencing Research Center enables the user to calculate sentencing ranges in accordance with the Federal Sentencing Guidelines.

The French Ministry of Justice provides a concise account of the French justice system in the English language.

The International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) is an international forum for national governments, local authorities, public agencies,  and non-government organisations to exchange experience, consider emerging knowledge, and improve policies and programmes in crime prevention and community safety.

The US National Archive of Criminal Justice Data preserves and distributes computerised crime and justice data from US Federal agencies, state agencies, and investigator initiated research projects to users for secondary statistical analysis. It was founded in 1978 as part of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.

The Irish National Crime Council is an independent body. Its principal roles are to focus on crime prevention and to act as an independent source of policy advice to government.

The Canadian National Crime Prevention Strategy is focused upon community-based early intervention efforts that deal with the root causes of crime and victimisation.

The National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) is a US federally funded resource offering justice and substance abuse information to support research, policy, and programme development worldwide. The NCJRS has a hug criminal and juvenile justice library and database. Many interesting downloads are available here.

The National Institute of Justice is the research, development, and evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice and is dedicated to researching crime control and justice issues.

The United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network is an electronic clearing-house which represents the culmination of several years of efforts coordinated by the United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention in Vienna.

U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics has a wealth of relevant figures and statistics.

The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems, developed with U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics funding, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world.

The World Justice Information Network is a library of international criminal justice links, news and publications. You need to register for full access.

Police: UK

 

The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) of England, Wales and Northern Ireland ensures that policy development work is undertaken in one place rather than in 44 separate forces. While ACPO does not collect statistics on crime, police personnel, or  performance, this website features many useful downloads.

The Association of Police Authorities represents police authorities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, both on the national stage and locally. It influences policy on policing and supports local police authorities.

The British Association for Women in Policing is the only organisation in the UK to draw members from all ranks of the police service,and support staff, both male and female

British Transport Police is the national police force for the railways and is also responsible for policing the London Underground system.

Centrex is the working name of the Central Police Training and Development Authority, a new force designed to define, develop and promote policing excellence.

The Gay Police Association has members in all 52 UK police forces, and  supports 16,000 police staff. This represents the largest minority community employed by the police. The GPA also work to educate the police service and government on issues connected with sexual orientation and policing.

HM Inspectorate of Constabulary are charged with examining and improving the efficiency of the Police Service in England and Wales. HM Inspectors of Constabulary are appointed on the recommendation of the Home Secretary.

The Independent Police Complains Commission (IPCC) will have overall responsibility for the system of complaints against the police from April 2004, when they replace the Police Complaints Authority.

Macpherson Inquiry: This essential website provides the full Report of Sir William Macpherson's Inquiry into the death of Stephen Lawrence. It concludes the police investigation was "marred by a combination of professional incompetence, institutional racism and a failure of leadership".

The Metropolitan Police website publishes a range of information about its plans and performance in addressing crime in London. The head of the Met Police traditionally holds the rank of Commissioner.

Metropolitan Police Commander Brian Paddick attracted controversy and huge local support for his unorthodox solutions to tackling crime in Lambeth. This fascinating website shows Paddick engaging in frank and serious debate about crime and drugs.

The Metropolitan Police Diversity Strategy is interesting to explore in light of the issues raised in the Macpherson Inquiry into the death of Stephen Lawrence.

The Ministry of Defence Police is the MOD's dedicated civil Police Force of around 3,800 officers. They operate at MOD establishments throughout the country, and are the UK's only national police force.

The Morris Inquiry is an independent Inquiry into professional standards and employment matters in London’s Metropolitan Police Service (MPS). The Inquiry conducted a survey of all 43,000 MPS officers and staff. The full survey report can be downloaded from the website.

The National Criminal Intelligence Service provides strategic and tactical intelligence on serious and organised crime, nationally and internationally. It is the gateway for UK law enforcement enquiries overseas via Interpol and Europol.

The Home Office Police  page has information on all aspects of policing, including complaints, equality and diversity, and race relations between the police and the community.

The Police Complaints Authority is an independent body overseeing complaints against serving police officers in England and Wales. It supervises police investigations into complaints of serious misconduct or incidents causing public concern.

The Police Corruption website is an unoffical site maintained by a retired Surrey Police officer.

The Police Federation for Northern Ireland represents 10,000 Police Service of Northern Ireland officers.

The Police Foundation is an independent research charity, which focuses on policing issues of public concern. Their primary aim is to help develop more efficient and effective policing through applied research and development, education and training.

The Police History Society aims to advance public education in police history, encourage the preservation of relevant police archives and artifacts and promote their accessibility, and to forge and maintain links with academic institutions.

The Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland aims to provide an independent, impartial police complaints system for the people and police under the Police (Northern Ireland) Act 1998 and 2000.

The Home Office Police Reform website has information on the move towards a police service that is more responsive and accountable to local communities and better able to deal with serious and organised crime.

The Police Superintendents' Association of England and Wales is the influential staff association which represents police superintendents and chief superintendents.

Policing Now provides news on all aspects of UK policing trends and policies.

The Scottish Police Federation has almost 15,000 members, 98% of all police officers in Scotland.

UK Police Forces: All individual UK police forces websites are listed.

Police: International

Bermudapolice.com is an unofficial site which styles itself as "The site the island's senior officers do not want recruits to read." It is maintained by a former Bermuda police detective constable.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the investigative arm of the US Department of Justice. Statutes such as the Congressional Assassination, Kidnapping, and Assault Act give the FBI responsibility to investigate specific crimes.

Interpol provides a range of services for the law enforcement community to optimise the international effort to combat crime.

The International Police Association is an independent body made up of members of the police service, whether on active duty or retired, of all ranks.

The National Association of Police Organizations (NAPO) is a coalition of police unions and associations in the USA that serves to advance the interests of America's law enforcement officers through legislative and legal advocacy, political action and education. NAPO represents more than 2,000 police unions and associations, 234,000 sworn law enforcement officers, and 11,000 retired officers.

The Nigeria Police  website aims to render the operations of the Nigeria Police accessible to the public, to inform them of the changes and developments in policing and law enforcement strategies in Nigeria.

The Police Accountability website is a very interesting South African resource which aims to enhance and promote effective, publicly accountable policing. It has useful downloadable information on current debates on police oversight. The website is managed by the University of Cape Town’s Institute of Criminology.

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) is the Canadian national police service. It is unique in the world since it is a national, federal, provincial and municipal policing body.

The US National Central Bureau of Interpol aims to facilitate international law enforcement cooperation as the United States representative with the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL).

Practitioners

This page provides links relevant for those working as practitioners within the criminal justice system:

Child Protection

Domestic Violence

Mentally Disordered Offenders

Substance Misusers

Victims

Prisons: UK

Action for Prisoners' Families promotes the just treatment of prisoners' families by the prison system and society across the UK.

Angulimala is the Buddhist Prison Chaplaincy Organisation. It aims to make available facilities for the teaching and practice of Buddhism in Her Majesty's Prisons.

The Butler Trust identifies and celebrates the achievements of those who work in UK prisons and have shown exceptional skill or initiative in work with prisoners. It recognises these efforts through a number of major awards.

The Home Office Correctional Services Review features links and downloads which illuminate the official perspective on the range of correctional services, with a focus on effectiveness and value for money in the delivery of services to reduce re-offending, and on improving the ability to manage the prison population.

The Guardian Special Report on Prisons contains many essential articles.

HM Inspectorate of Prisons is an independent body which inspects prisons in England and Wales, and reports to the Home Secretary on the treatment and conditions of prisoners.

HMP Kirkham is a Category D establishment designated for short and medium term prisoners, plus a number of long term men nearing the end of their sentences and selected lifers. It has its own website.

HMP Wolds is a Category C training prison for adult males managed by Group 4 Custodial Services under contract to the Home Office. It has this dedicated website.

The Independent Custody Visiting Association promotes the custody visiting process through advocacy, training, publicity and support.  It provides a discussion forum and aims to assist the Home Office, police authorities and other interested bodies in best practice for custody visiting schemes.

The Inside Out Trust develops prison projects based on restorative justice principles. Prisoners learn new skills which they use to provide goods and services to disadvantaged people all over the world.

The IQRA Trust Prisoners Welfareworks to promote a better understanding of Muslim inmates' needs in UK prisons. The Trust also provides Islamic books and educational materials for Muslim prisoners and deals with inquires from Probation Officers nationwide.

Mental Health Primary Care in Prison offers a superb practitioner’s guide to mental ill health in adults and adolescents in prison and young offender institutions.

he National Offender Management Service (NOMS) was created in 2004 following a review of correctional services which identified key gaps in the work of prisons and probation. NOMS is a single service which combines the work of correctional services.

Out-Side-In are a UK charitable organisation set up in order to offer friendship, advice and support to gay, lesbian and bisexual prisoners.

The Prisons and Probation Ombudsman investigates complaints from prisoners and those subject to probation supervision. The Ombudsman is completely independent of both the Prison Service and the National Probation Service.

The Prison Privatization Researchwebsite provides background information and figures on private prisons, and arguments for and against privatisation of prisons.

PrisonReform.org lists government sites, campaign groups, support groups, charities and other organisations related to prison, prison reform and penal reform (mainly within the United Kingdom).

The Prison Reform Trust aims to create a just, humane and effective penal system, by inquiring into the workings of the system; informing prisoners, staff, and the public; and influencing  Government towards reform.

The Prison Rules for prisons in England and Wales (Statutory Instrument 1999 No. 728) can be downloaded in full from this website

ThePrison Service website has a wealth of information about out about the work carried out in the 139 prisons in England and Wales.

The Prison Service Journal (PSJ) is published by HM Prison Service. Its purpose is to promote discussion on issues related to the work of the Prison Service, the wider Criminal Justice System and associated fields. This site offers downloads of a wide selection of articles from PSJ.

Prisons Virtual Walkthrough: This virtual tour of a prison is government sponsored. It offers  a chance to see what happens when a man, woman or young offender is sent to prison. It gives some idea of what prison is like.

Prisoners Abroad assist UK prisoners held overseas. They provide advice, information and support to British nationals in prison abroad and their families.

The Reform Remand campaign is calling for an improvement in the treatment of, and conditions for, people held in prison awaiting trial and a reduction in the needless use of custodial remand. It is organised by the Prison Reform Trust.

The Rossbret Prisons website has some useful historical information.

The Scottish Prison Service aims to be recognised as a "leader in prisons' correctional work which helps to reduce recidivism...". Its website offers material for download in support of this aim.

Women in Prison provides welfare and education to women in prison. It believes that prison should be reserved for a small number of violent and serious offenders from whom the public should be protected.

Prisons: International

The American Correctional Association is a professional association for those who work in all disciplines in corrections. It offers comprehensive access to resources in corrections.

The American Civil Liberties Union has a useful section on prisoners’ rights.

CEML is an anti-racist group which fights against the brutality of ‘control unit’ prisons. Prisoners in these prisons are caged for arbitrary lengths of time, sometimes years, in total isolation in conditions that violate the United Nations' Standard Minimum Rules for the treatment of prisoners. 

The Correctional Service of Canada site has information on Canada's federal institutions for men, institutions for women, community correctional centres for offenders on conditional release, and parole offices

The US Federal Bureau of Prisons states that its mission is “to protect society by confining offenders in the controlled environments of prisons and community-based facilities that are safe, humane, cost-efficient, and appropriately secure, and that provide work and other self-improvement opportunities to assist offenders in becoming law-abiding citizens.”

Florida Department of Corrections has some interesting and detailed material for download, including material on the death penalty.

Hong Kong Correctional Services deliver custodial and rehabilitative services. They "pledge to work together with the community in an attempt to reduce recidivism in Hong Kong." Their website contains information on individual penal institutions, rehabilitative work and correctional services.

Human Rights Watch’s Prisons website highlights the abusive treatment of prisoners around the world. Human Rights Watch is an independent organisation, which investigates and exposes human rights violations.

Human Writes is a not-for-profit humanitarian organisation which befriends and supports people on Death Row in the USA.. Human Writes is not a campaigning or political group, but aims to non-judgementally respond to as many prisoners as they can.

The International Corrections and Prisons Association provides a forum for criminal justice professionals to share ideas and practices aimed at advancing professional corrections.

The Irish Penal Reform Trust is a human rights based advocacy organisation which campaigns for the creation of a more rational and humane penal system, including the increase of community sanctions and the implementation of restorative justice.

The official Israel Prison Service (IPS) site defines the IPS as a “security organization with a social mission within the law enforcement system”.

The Chicago-based John Howard Association supports fair and effective correctional programmes that are responsive to the needs of both offenders and the general community. Its activities include advocacy, monitoring, policy development, and public education.

The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) offers a huge variety of resources for corrections practitioners, policy-makers, trainers, and researchers. Online resources include downloadable publications and training materials, and taped video programs for Internet streaming.

The New Zealand Department of Corrections manages custodial sentences (imprisonment and home detention) and non-custodial sentences and orders (supervision, community work and parole), provides information to the judiciary to inform decisions, and supports the New Zealand Parole Board.

The Office of the Inspector of Custodial Services in Western Australia aims to bring independent external scrutiny to standards and operational practices of custodial services. The Office undertakes inspections of all prisons in the state and also conduct ‘thematic' inspections. All inspections and reports are downloadable, making this site an excellent resource.

Prisonsucks.com is a US based website which, as its name indicates, makes no claims to academic neutrality. It aims to supply “useful, verifiable statistics about the crime control industry”.  The site has some useful links to research, factsheets, and other resources.

The Prison Privatization Research Site is maintained by Charles H. Logan at University of Connecticut and has some useful if occasionally outdated material on private prisons.

The Prison Service in Finland has an English language website which covers closed and open prisons, the Prison Mental Hospital and the Prison Personnel Training. You can download English language publications, including Annual Reports of the Finnish Prison and Probation Services, here.

The South African Department of Correctional Services (DCS) has the dual roles of keeping offenders in custody and “supervising and controlling” probationers and parolees, providing rehabilitation. DCS Annual Reports can be downloaded at this website.

The Pennsylvania Prison Society is a social justice organisation that advocates on behalf of prisoners, formerly incarcerated individuals and their families. Based in Philadelphia,  it was founded in 1787.

Stop Prisoner Rape (SPR) is a US human rights organization seeking to end sexual violence against men, women, and youth in all forms of detention. SPR supports policies to ensure institutional accountability. It aims to change society’s attitudes toward prisoner rape, and to promote access to resources for survivors. The website highlights that although rape in prison violates international, federal, and state laws, many institutions appear indifferent.

The Swedish Prison and Probation Service's English language website outlines the Service's main tasks: to implement prison sentences and probation, to be supervise conditionally released persons, to implement community sentences and prepare pre-sentence reports in criminal cases.

Tihar Prisons have an impressive history of rehabilitation based on the "New Delhi correctional model”. The Tihar Jail Complex in New Delhi is one of the world's largest prison complexes, and this site offers a fascinating insight into the Tihar regime.

This is the Unofficial Israeli Prison Service site. The English language version offers some useful downloads.

UPROOT (The United Prison Reform Organisation of Tomorrow) has a small website but features some interesting articles on prison reform, with an American focus.

Wackenhutt Corrections Corporation design, construct, finance and manage prisons. At year-end 2002, they managed 42,000 offender beds in North America, Australia, The United Kingdom, New Zealand and South Africa.

Probation: UK

Download the Correctional Services Review byPatrick Carter. This key document outlines radical reforms to correctional services unveiled by Home Secretary David Blunkett on 6 January 2004.The National Offender Management Service (NOMS)brings together the Prison and Probation Services to ensure progress in prison is followed through in the community.

HM Inspectorate of Probation is an independent Inspectorate which is funded by the Home Office and reports directly to the Home Secretary. The Inspectorate retains its independence from the National Probation Service's policy making and operations.

Metamorphosis newsletters for Probation and Prison staff from the transition team which introduces the National Offender Management Service (NOMS).

The National Offender Management Service (NOMS) was created in 2004 following a review of correctional services which identified key gaps in the work of prisons and probation. NOMS is a single service which combines the work of correctional services.

Napo is the trade union, professional association and campaign organisation for staff in the National Probation Service and the Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service (Cafcass).

The National Probation Research and Information Exchange advises and supports members, agencies and other organisations in the development, use and provision of research and information in the pursuit of National Probation Service objectives.

The National Probation Service for England and Wales is a key UK statutory Criminal Justice Service. Established in April 2001, it comprises 42 Probation Services (matching police force area boundaries) together with the London-based National Probation Service.

The National Statistics Probation Page offers links to key probation statistics.

National Probation Service Performance Reports outline the extent to which local probation areas are delivering to targets and strategic objectives

The Prisons and Probation Ombudsman investigates complaints from prisoners and those subject to probation supervision. The Ombudsman is completely independent of both the Prison Service and the National Probation Service.

The Probation Board for Northern Ireland aims to integrate offenders in the community by effective assessment and supervision thereby reducing re-offending and contributing to public protection.

Probation 2000 from Knivett, Blake and Associates provides the only full online catalogue of Probation Circulars. They also offer advice about self-assessment and the European Excellence Model. The site offers some interesting downloads. Some have a managerial focus, though there is plenty here for practitioners.

The Probation Studies Unit is part of the University of Oxford's Centre for Criminological Research. The Centre is engaged in a range of empirical research of central importance to criminal and penal policy.

Reducing Crime - Changing Lives outlines the Government's plans for transforming the management of offenders via the new National Offender Management Service (NOMS), a new body providing end-to-end management of all offenders.

Rethinking Crime and Punishment aims to raise the level of public debate about the use of prison and alternative forms of punishment in the UK, and to promote rational and effective policy to reduce crime.

Individual Probation Area websites for the National Probation Service in England and Wales: this page lists all area websites.

Probation: International

The American Correctional Association is a professional association for those who work in all disciplines, including probation, within the corrections field. It offers comprehensive access to resources in corrections.

The American Probation and Parole Association is an international association whose US and Canadian members work in probation, parole and community-based corrections in the adult and juvenile sectors.

The Conférence Permanente Européenne de la Probation includes statutory and voluntary organisations whose common concern is to protect society without resorting to the expense of prison.

The Correctional Service of Canada contributes to public protection "by actively encouraging and assisting offenders to become law-abiding citizens, while exercising reasonable, safe, secure and humane control", according to their mission statement. The CSC website includes a comprehensive selection of freely downloadable publications and  research.

The Irish Probation Journal (downloadable via this website) is a joint venture between the Probation and Welfare Service and the Probation Board for Northern Ireland. It aims to provide a forum for sharing good theory and practice, increase co-operation between the two jurisdictions and develop debate about work with offenders on the island.

The Orange County Probation Department in California supervises around 23,000 adult and juvenile offenders on court-ordered probation or in diversion programs. Volunteers play a key important role in helping the Probation Department. This website has a wealth of background information.

Probation And Community Corrections Officers' Association Inc (PACCOA) is an Australian association that represents the professional interests and aspirations of people working in the field of community based offender management.

The Probation Officer and Parole Agent Forum is intended for “personnel interested in exchanging ideas and information regarding officer survival, equipment or any other topics”. Maintained by a State Parole Agent with the Adult Division of the Illinois Department of Corrections, Special Intensive Supervision Unit/Electronic Detention, it offers a fascinating insight into the American practitioner’s experience.

PROTECT N&S is a joint venture between the Probation Board for Northern Ireland (PBNI) and the Probation and Welfare Service (PWS). It builds on the existing strong informal links between the two services and seeks to contribute to building peace and reconciliation by improving community safety and security. PROTECT N&S is a vehicle for sharing best probation practice along the border areas initially and then throughout Ireland.

The South African Department of Correctional Services (DCS) has the dual roles of keeping offenders in custody and “supervising and controlling” probationers and parolees, providing rehabilitation. DCS Annual Reports can be downloaded at this website.

The Swedish Prison and Probation Service's English language website outlines the Service's main tasks: to implement prison sentences and probation, to be supervise conditionally released persons, to implement community sentences and prepare pre-sentence reports in criminal cases.

The Tennessee Board of Probation and Parole’s mission is to minimize public risk and promote lawful behaviour by the prudent, orderly release and community supervision of adult offenders, at the least cost to taxpayers.

The Texas Probation Association supports the interests of probation and community corrections practitioners. It aims to develop and promote standards and goals for professional probation practitioners and provide a forum for delineating and resolving practice and operational issues. 

The Wisconsin Division of Community Corrections supervises people on parole, extended supervision or probation. The supervision is community-based to strengthen the family unit, encourage lawful behaviour, and provide local treatment programmes.

Restorative Justice: UK

The UK government Crime Reduction Restorative Justice pages have some useful links to restorative justice policies and practice.

The Home Office Restorative Justice page includes links to the UK government’s Restorative Justice strategy, which aims to facilitate further use of restorative justice in the criminal justice system.

The Inside Out Trust develops prison projects based on restorative justice principles. Prisoners learn new skills which they use to provide goods and services to disadvantaged people all over the world.

The Restorative Justice Consortium brings together a range of organisations representingvictims, offenders, young people, mediators, and professionals.. This site has many useful, including resources for practitioners.

Restorative Justice: the Government's Strategy can be downloaded in full here.

The Thames Valley Police Restorative Justice pages outline how the force is developing restorative policing, an approach to crime and anti-social behaviour based on the principles of restorative justice.

The Youth Justice Board Restorative Justice Knowledgebase contains useful links and downloads, including government policy documents and material for practitioners.

Restorative Justice: International

The Australian Institute of Criminology Restorative Justice pages have some useful links to the Australian and the experience.

The Centre for Restorative Justice at the Australian National University undertakes research on restorative justice

The Centre for Restorative Justice is linked with Simon Fraser University School of Criminology, funded by the Correctional Service of Canada.

Community Restorative Justice site is an Irish website with wide ranging discussion on restorative justice which is rooted in practice experience.

The Council on Crime and Justice is an independent, non-profit organisation which has been involved in such areas as offender services, alternative sanctions, victim's rights, and restorative justice.

The European Forum for Victim-Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice provides information on the Forum and on the restorative justice movement in Europe and the rest of the world. It also aims to improve communication between all those interested in restorative justice.

The International Institute for Restorative Practices is a US organisation that provides education, consulting and research in support of the development of restorative practices around the world.

The Restorative Justice in Canada site is linked with with Conflict Resolution Network Canada develops, promotes and extends the use of conflict resolution and restorative justice processes such as negotiation, mediation, consensus-building and peacemaking circles

The Restorative Justice Centre in South Africa has some useful links and practice guidance.

The Restorative Justice Ireland Network website provide information about the various restorative justice programmes in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, and offers an access point for contacts, international and regional research, and information related to restorative justice.

Restorative Justice Online aims to be a non-partisan source of authoritative information on restorative justice. It is linked with the PFI Centre for Justice & Reconciliation

The Restorative Justice On-Line Notebook is a US National Institute of Justice on-line resource designed to promote the understanding of restorative justice.

The Restorative Justice Trust in New Zealand
support the view that restorative justice creatively addresses the trauma of crime by recognising that victims have many needs which are not met in the current system.

Weblogs UK

The National Offender Management Service (NOMS) Campaignlog  on the Napo website chronicles the responses of Napo members to the creation of NOMS.

Diary of a Criminal Solicitor is written by a London solicitor who does purely criminal defence work, and who often finds himself "in utter amazement or red faced with anger working at Police Stations, Magistrates Courts, Crown Courts.." This blog is offers real insight into the reality of contemporary criminal justice practice.

CJ  Scotland is an independent log and information exchange with a focus on Scottish criminal justice issues. It is a gateway to comprehensive information about Scottish criminal justice It provides frequently updated information and aims to inform the national debate on addressing crime in Scotland.

Judy McKnight's Napolog is the weblog of the General Secretary of Napo, the trade union and professional association for family court and probation staff. Links with some key developments in criminal and community justice.

The Magistrate's Blog describes itself as "Musings and Snippets from an English Magistrate (Justice of the Peace)", who goes by the name of Bystander and sits in a court near London. Where Bystander's views “differ from the letter of the law, he will enforce the letter of the law because that is what he has sworn to do”. This revealing weblog offers real insight into a magistrate’s daily experience.

The Policeman's Blog is written by a serving officer who frankly describes his blog as a “Journey into the mad, mad world of the British underclass and the Public sector, where nothing is too insane for it to be written down and copied in triplicate”, then rather unnecessarily assures us that his views "probably don't reflect official policy”. This controversial blog nevertheless offers real insight into everyday police work.

The Probation Journal has set up a Blog to encourage open debate and exploration from those concerned with UK criminal justice, in particular practitioners and especially those closely connected with the probation service. An edited version of this Blog debate will publishing in the December 2006 Special Edition of the Probation Journal. You are encouraged to visit the Blog and add your comments.

Psychology and Crime News is a superbly well informed blog which collates information of interest in a forensic psychological context. Aimed mainly at an an academic audience, but also extremely useful for anyone who works with offenders and wants to keep up to date with  developments in both psychology in a forensic context, and practical forensic developments with psychological relevance.

The Reducing Reoffending Blog explores issues around rehabilitation and reoffending.

The Special Constable's Blog documents the work of a part time police officer.

The Thin Blue Line documents the experiences of a new police officer in London, who describes himself as “coming from the sticks to the big smoke to see if he can really be all he can be”.

The UK Criminal Justice Weblog has news on UK criminal justice issues drawn from media websites, government sources and criminal justice agencies and organisations. It is supported by Rethinking Crime and Punishment and produced in association with the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies. A superb source of information.

Weblogs International

Public Defender Dude is a California-based weblog which frankly acknowledges it presents “The rantings of a Public Defender constantly fighting against society's pervasive Police Industrial Complex” and invites the reader to “Enjoy the unique perspective of one who's life's work is to fight the system through the system”.